The coronavirus is subjecting the world to a health crisis that will mark an era. After exploding in China , the covid-19 has managed to spread throughout all continents, although it has been especially primed in Europe and the United States . After frightening the Asian giant, most European countries have received a strong onslaught of cases. These are the most relevant data of the day:
Infected, dead and vaccination in Spain
The Ministry of Health has notified 5,250 new cases of covid yesterday , 2,404 of them diagnosed in the last 24 hours. The total number of infected since the beginning of the pandemic amounts to 3,693,012 cases. The cumulative incidence is 118.29 cases per 100,000 inhabitants.
Likewise, the department headed by Carolina Darias has reported 50 more deaths from covid, 81 in the last seven days. Therefore, the global death toll from coronavirus in Spain stands at 80,099 people.
Regarding the vaccination campaign, a total of 30,127,690 doses of the covid vaccines from Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, Janssen and AstraZeneca have already been distributed . The number of total doses administered amounts to 28,182,345. The total number of people with a complete guideline is 9,979,204.
In any case, it should be borne in mind that with regard to the number of infected, Health data is usually somewhat lower than the real one, since the regional councils always have more up-to-date data.
In this phase of the fight against the coronavirus, measures such as physical distancing of at least 1.5 meters and the obligation to wear a mask in all autonomous communities remain . Teleworking is also still implemented in many companies, among other measures to contain the virus. In addition, Spain banned smoking in the street because of the covid.
The constant outbreaks of coronavirus in some areas of Spain have forced the adoption of control measures with more or less severe restrictions, as the rate of infections evolves.
Lockdowns and curfew
The health crisis situation has led the Government to decree the state of alarm that has lasted until May 9. Almost all the autonomous governments have subjected their territories to perimeter confinements to avoid as much as possible the mobility of the population and have imposed restrictions that are still being maintained with greater or lesser severity.
The night curfew has also been implemented for many months in the autonomous communities as a measure to curb the incidence of the virus. The end of the state of alarm has also meant putting an end to this measure of restriction to night mobility.
To avoid as much as possible the spread and contagion of the virus among the population, all the autonomous communities have approved the mandatory use of masks despite the fact that the safety distance of 1.5 meters can be maintained.
Catalonia was the pioneer community followed by Extremadura, the Balearic Islands, Aragon, Murcia, La Rioja, Andalusia, Cantabria, Asturias, Galicia, Navarra, the Basque Country, Castilla y León, the Valencian Community, Castilla-La Mancha and Madrid . The Canary Islands have been the last to incorporate this measure, which is already in force throughout the archipelago.
The Council of Ministers approved on March 17 an economic and social shock plan to deal with the coronavirus crisis in Spain in which it groups together a set of emergency economic measures . The total cost will be about 200,000 million euros, as reported by the Government of Pedro Sánchez. These are the 10 most outstanding measures:
Social bonus. Automatic extension until September of the social bonus to beneficiary households.
Care for the elderly and dependents. Creation of a specific contingency fund to reinforce care for the elderly, homeless and in homes for the elderly and dependents. Some 300 million euros will be allocated.
Making municipal spending more flexible.
Relaxation of the spending rule so that municipalities can use their surplus if they invest it in social care items such as dependency care, social services and all kinds of social problems associated with the coronavirus crisis. Some 300 million euros will be allocated.
Authorization of ertes. The authorization process for ertes (temporary employment regulation files) will be streamlined. They will be considered made by force majeure and will be handled quickly.
Collection of unemployment in case of erte. Unemployment benefit guarantee in case of erte. All workers affected by these procedures will have the right to collect unemployment even if they do not comply with the minimum contribution period required for this. In addition, the time that the receipt of this benefit lasts (counter to zero) will not be considered consumed.
Extension of unemployment benefit. Automatic extension of unemployment benefits. No one will lose their rights by not being able to go to the employment offices.
Promotion of teleworking. Facilitate teleworking through an “important” endowment to companies for the purchase of computers, while allowing workers to adapt or reduce their working hours to care for their dependents, being possible a 100% reduction in the day.
Help family care. Right to family care for all workers without being punished or fired (reduction of the working day even up to 100% or reorganization for family care up to second degree – grandchildren and grandparents-).
The Government of Pedro Sánchez also approved on March 31 several measures to guarantee the housing of tenants affected by the crisis. These are the rental subsidies for the coronavirus :
Microcredits to pay the rent. The State makes available to tenants of small landlords microcredits at an interest rate of 0 so that people who are left in a vulnerable situation can pay their rent.
Large owners: 50% off. The large homeowners -funds, Socimis and real estate companies- must make a 50% reduction or a debt restructuring in 3 years.
The State will pay rent to the most vulnerable (people who remain vulnerable after the crisis). Up to 900 euros per month and 200 euros for the payment of supplies, maintenance, etc.
Extension of leases. Extraordinary 6-month extension of the usual residence rental contracts to avoid abusive increases.
Suspension of evictions. The Executive orders the suspension of evictions without a housing alternative for six months after the end of the state of alarm.
The different waves that have occurred in Spain and the rest of Europe have led several countries to impose serious restrictive measures on Spanish citizens who decide to travel to certain places. There are countries that have imposed quarantine , others require a PCR test and also those that prohibit their entry . If you decide to travel outside our borders, it is recommended to inquire on the website of the embassies or consulates of the destination countries or on the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs .
Entry of travelers to Spain
In the same way that many countries have imposed control measures on Spaniards who travel to certain areas, Spain also requires controls on people from countries considered at risk who want to enter the country through ports or airports.
Situation in China, the USA, Italy and other countries
While in China, the number of coronavirus cases is very low, the epidemic has continued to advance in the US and in Europe where different waves of infections have been experienced.
The UK was the first country in Europe to start mass vaccinating its entire population with the Pfizer vaccine after it was shown to be over 90% effective and passed all relevant protocols and approvals and showed no major side effects .
In Spain, the vaccination campaign began on Sunday, December 27 and since then the autonomous communities have been vaccinating the population in accordance with the covid vaccination plan that has been approved and in which the priority groups to receive immunity are set.
Along with the Pfizer vaccine, mass inoculation of the population with the AstraZeneca vaccine has also begun, which is more than 90% effective.
The Moderna vaccine , which has already begun to be inoculated, also places its effectiveness at 94.5%, the Russian Sputnik at 95% and the Janssen vaccine , effective at 66% to prevent mild symptomatic infections and 85% to avoid severe forms of the disease.